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    The mystical Himalayas have always been associated with holiness as they are considered the dwelling region of Gods and Sages. The Himalayas are filled with serenity, pureness, and divine energy. As mentioned in various Sanskrit scriptures, various Rishis, Gods, Demigods, and even Rakshasa had pleased supreme powers to receive their blessing in the Himalayas in some way.

    Ancient texts such as the Vedas, the Puranas, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata all sing the glory and wonder of the Himalayas in unison. And of all the mountains capped with the snow, Mount Kailash has always been considered the premier because it is where Shiva himself resides with Devi Parvati and his two sons Ganesha and Kartikeya, as well as his favorite Nandi.

    North Face of Mount Kailash
    North Face of Mount Kailash

    The Abode of Shiva, the holy peak,  Mount Kailash (6,638 meters), is located north of the Himalayan barrier in western Tibet.  Referred to the cosmic axis by ancient texts, Mount Kailash is a sacred place not only for Hindus who believe it to be the Abode of Shiva but also of Buddhists who identify it as the central peak of the world, Mt. Sumeru, representing the means to enlightenment as ‘The Father Mountain,’ and Jains whose first Prophet, Rishabdev achieved enlightenment.

    Thus, Kailash is not just a mountain but a sentiment and emotion towards sanity and spirituality.

    Mount Kailash Facts

    South Face of Mount Kailash
    South Face of Mount Kailash

    1. Sacred Mountain of Many Religions

    Mount Kailash is the center of faith for four religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Bon. The mountain is unclimbable to preserve the sanctity of the mountain and divine energies residing in the peak. A Tibetan monk named Milarepa supposedly reached Mount Kailash’s summit, and returning, he forewarned everyone not to disturb the God residing there.

    2. Mount Meru – Sumeru Parbat

    Mount Kailash is believed to be Mt. Meru from Hindu scriptures; however, many also believe that it is a human-made pyramid, surrounded by other smaller pyramids in ancient times by some superhumans. It is also said that Mt. Kailash is hollow from the inside, and supernatural occurrences are also experienced from inside the mountain. In the northwest part of Kailash, a spiritual country called Shambhala resides.

    3. Kailash Kora

    Kora, also called circumambulation, marks the success of reaching Mt. Kailash. If you walk around Mount Kailash clockwise, it takes three days to complete the distance of 52km. A circumambulation is thought to clear all the sins done during a lifetime, while 108 circumambulations is a way to achieve nirvana or salvation.

    4. Source of Knowledge

    As many counts on Mount Kailash as the home of Shiva himself, but in actual it is where Shiva has deposited all his knowledge. Moreover, Rishavdev, the first Prophet of Jainism, is also said to have rested all his knowledge and insights in Kailash, and so is the belief among the Buddhists. This is why Kailash is the source of Knowledge.

    5. Axis Mundi

    Kailash is also believed to be the Axis Mundi, the cosmic axis, the center of the earth, pillar of the earth, or the world’s axis. The divine mountain is said to be the point where heaven meets the earth, and the point of its being the center of the earth can be mathematically proven. The distance between the north pole and Mt. Kailash is the same as between Mt. Kailash and Stonehenge. The distance between the south pole and Mt. Kailash is twice the forementioned distance; this corroborates the claims of Kailash being Cosmic Axis.

    6. Good and Evil Lakes

    Lake Mansarovar
    Lake Mansarovar

    There are two lakes in the periphery of Kailash, and both of them contain their peculiar character. One is Lake Mansarovar, the highest freshwater body in the world, which signifies divinity and purity. It is believed that if taken a dip in Mansarovar, one’s sins will be washed away. On the other hand, Rakshas Tal and consists of salty water without any aquatic life.

    Rakshas Tal
    Rakshas Tal

    Interestingly, Mansarovar is a lake with good energy with beautiful blue and serene water. Rakshas Tal, counted as being formed by Ravana to please Shiva, is considered the evil one. Rakshas Tal remains turbulent most of the time, even if there is no wind. It is said that Mt. Kailash standing between these two lakes symbolizes the presence of good and evil in people’s life. The lakes are also compared to Yin and Yang.

    7. Source of Sacred Rivers

    The Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, and Karnali are the four sacred rivers that originate from the four sides of Mount Kailash. These four major rivers flow across Asia, and the huge population in the Tibet and Indian Sub-continents depends on the water from these rivers.

    8. Four Faces of Kailash

    The four faces of Kailash are not roughly shaped like that of other mountains, but it has distinct four faces aligned almost with four different directions. All the edges of each face are perfectly aligned to the cardinal points.

    West Face of Mount Kailash
    West Face of Mount Kailash

    According to the Vishnu Purana, the four faces of Mount Kailash are made up of different jewels. The north is gold, the south is Lapis Lazuli, the east is crystal, and the west is ruby.


    Mount Kailash is not just a mountain but the deposition of knowledge and learnings of many saints and mainly of Shiva himself, who left them to guide humankind. Mysteries of Kailash are yet to be known, but its spiritual importance is much greater than the theories and mysteries. There are different routes via which Mt. Kailash can be reached from Nepal and India. For people seeking spiritual activation and natural serenity, Mt. Kailash is a must-go destination.

    (Last Updated On: March 10, 2022)