Yoga of Meditation

    The Yoga of Meditation revealed by Sri Krishna is compiled in 6th Chapter, Dhyana Yoga of Bhagavad Gita. Sri Krishna reveals the Yoga of Meditation to Arjuna and He explains the methods. Sri Krishna talks about the role of action in preparing for Meditation, how performing duties in devotion purifies one’s mind and heightens one’s spiritual consciousness.

    Lord Krishna explains the obstacles that one faces when trying to control their mind and working methods by which one can conquer their mind. Krishna also reveals how one can focus their mind on Paramatma and unite with God.

    Below is the collection of Sanskrit Verses from Dhyana Yoga (Chapter 6) of Bhagavad Gita with english translation. 

    योगी युञ्जीत सततमात्मानं रहसि स्थित: |
    एकाकी यतचित्तात्मा निराशीरपरिग्रह: || 10||

    yogī yuñjīta satatam ātmānaṁ rahasi sthitaḥ
    ekākī yata-chittātmā nirāśhīr aparigrahaḥ

    Those who seek the state of Yog should reside in seclusion, constantly engaged in meditation with a controlled mind and body, getting rid of desires and possessions for enjoyment.

    तत्रैकाग्रं मन: कृत्वा यतचित्तेन्द्रियक्रिय: |
    उपविश्यासने युञ्ज्याद्योगमात्मविशुद्धये || 12||
    समं कायशिरोग्रीवं धारयन्नचलं स्थिर: |
    सम्प्रेक्ष्य नासिकाग्रं स्वं दिशश्चानवलोकयन् || 13||

    tatraikāgraṁ manaḥ kṛitvā yata-chittendriya-kriyaḥ
    upaviśhyāsane yuñjyād yogam ātma-viśhuddhaye
    samaṁ kāya-śhiro-grīvaṁ dhārayann achalaṁ sthiraḥ
    samprekṣhya nāsikāgraṁ svaṁ diśhaśh chānavalokayan

    Seated firmly on it, the yogi should strive to purify the mind by focusing it in meditation with one-pointed concentration, controlling all thoughts and activities. He must hold the body, neck, and head firmly in a straight line, and gaze at the tip of the nose, without allowing the eyes to wander.

    प्रशान्तात्मा विगतभीर्ब्रह्मचारिव्रते स्थित: |
    मन: संयम्य मच्चित्तो युक्त आसीत मत्पर: || 14||

    praśhāntātmā vigata-bhīr brahmachāri-vrate sthitaḥ
    manaḥ sanyamya mach-chitto yukta āsīta mat-paraḥ

    Thus, with a serene, fearless, and unwavering mind, and staunch in the vow of celibacy, the vigilant yogi should meditate on me, having me alone as the supreme goal.

    युञ्जन्नेवं सदात्मानं योगी नियतमानस: |
    शान्तिं निर्वाणपरमां मत्संस्थामधिगच्छति || 15||

    yuñjann evaṁ sadātmānaṁ yogī niyata-mānasaḥ
    śhantiṁ nirvāṇa-paramāṁ mat-sansthām adhigachchhati

    Thus, constantly keeping the mind absorbed in me, the yogi of disciplined mind attains nirvāṇ, and abides in me in supreme peace.

    यदा विनियतं चित्तमात्मन्येवावतिष्ठते |
    नि:स्पृह: सर्वकामेभ्यो युक्त इत्युच्यते तदा || 18||

    yadā viniyataṁ chittam ātmanyevāvatiṣhṭhate
    niḥspṛihaḥ sarva-kāmebhyo yukta ityuchyate tadā

    With thorough discipline, they learn to withdraw the mind from selfish cravings and rivet it on the unsurpassable good of the self. Such persons are said to be in Yoga and are free from all yearning of the senses.

    यथा दीपो निवातस्थो नेङ्गते सोपमा स्मृता |
    योगिनो यतचित्तस्य युञ्जतो योगमात्मन: || 19||

    yathā dīpo nivāta-stho neṅgate sopamā smṛitā
    yogino yata-chittasya yuñjato yogam ātmanaḥ

    Just as a lamp in a windless place does not flicker, so the disciplined mind of a yogi remains steady in meditation on the self.

    यत्रोपरमते चित्तं निरुद्धं योगसेवया |
    यत्र चैवात्मनात्मानं पश्यन्नात्मनि तुष्यति || 20||

    yatroparamate chittaṁ niruddhaṁ yoga-sevayā
    yatra chaivātmanātmānaṁ paśhyann ātmani tuṣhyati

    When the mind, restrained from material activities, becomes still by the practice of Yoga, then the yogi is able to behold the soul through the purified mind, and he rejoices in the inner joy.

    सुखमात्यन्तिकं यत्तद्बुद्धिग्राह्यमतीन्द्रियम् |
    वेत्ति यत्र न चैवायं स्थितश्चलति तत्वत: || 21||

    sukham ātyantikaṁ yat tad buddhi-grāhyam atīndriyam
    vetti yatra na chaivāyaṁ sthitaśh chalati tattvataḥ

    In that joyous state of Yoga, called samādhi, one experiences supreme boundless divine bliss, and thus situated, one never deviates from the Eternal Truth.

    यं लब्ध्वा चापरं लाभं मन्यते नाधिकं तत: |
    यस्मिन्स्थितो न दु:खेन गुरुणापि विचाल्यते || 22||

    yaṁ labdhvā chāparaṁ lābhaṁ manyate nādhikaṁ tataḥ
    yasmin sthito na duḥkhena guruṇāpi vichālyate

    Having gained that state, one does not consider any attainment to be greater. Being thus established, one is not shaken even in the midst of the greatest calamity.

    तं विद्याद् दु:खसंयोगवियोगं योगसञ्ज्ञितम् |
    स निश्चयेन योक्तव्यो योगोऽनिर्विण्णचेतसा || 23||

    taṁ vidyād duḥkha-sanyoga-viyogaṁ yogasaṅjñitam
    sa niśhchayena yoktavyo yogo ’nirviṇṇa-chetasā

    That state of severance from union with misery is known as Yoga. This Yoga should be resolutely practiced with determination free from pessimism.

    सङ्कल्पप्रभवान्कामांस्त्यक्त्वा सर्वानशेषत: |
    मनसैवेन्द्रियग्रामं विनियम्य समन्तत: || 24||
    शनै: शनैरुपरमेद्बुद्ध्या धृतिगृहीतया |
    आत्मसंस्थं मन: कृत्वा न किञ्चिदपि चिन्तयेत् || 25||

    saṅkalpa-prabhavān kāmāns tyaktvā sarvān aśheṣhataḥ
    manasaivendriya-grāmaṁ viniyamya samantataḥ
    śhanaiḥ śhanair uparamed buddhyā dhṛiti-gṛihītayā
    ātma-sansthaṁ manaḥ kṛitvā na kiñchid api chintayet

    Completely renouncing all desires arising from thoughts of the world, one should restrain the senses from all sides with the mind. Slowly and steadily, with conviction in the intellect, the mind will become fixed in God alone and will think of nothing else.

    यतो यतो निश्चरति मनश्चञ्चलमस्थिरम् |
    ततस्ततो नियम्यैतदात्मन्येव वशं नयेत् || 26||

    yato yato niśhcharati manaśh chañchalam asthiram
    tatas tato niyamyaitad ātmanyeva vaśhaṁ nayet

    Whenever and wherever the restless and unsteady mind wanders, one should bring it back and continually focus it on God.

    प्रशान्तमनसं ह्येनं योगिनं सुखमुत्तमम् |
    उपैति शान्तरजसं ब्रह्मभूतमकल्मषम् || 27||

    praśhānta-manasaṁ hyenaṁ yoginaṁ sukham uttamam
    upaiti śhānta-rajasaṁ brahma-bhūtam akalmaṣham

    Great transcendental happiness comes to the yogi whose mind is calm, whose passions are subdued, who is without sin, and who sees everything in connection with God.

    युञ्जन्नेवं सदात्मानं योगी विगतकल्मष: |
    सुखेन ब्रह्मसंस्पर्शमत्यन्तं सुखमश्नुते || 28||

    yuñjann evaṁ sadātmānaṁ yogī vigata-kalmaṣhaḥ
    sukhena brahma-sansparśham atyantaṁ sukham aśhnute

    The self-controlled yogi, thus uniting the self with God, becomes free from material contamination, and being in constant touch with the Supreme, achieves the highest state of perfect happiness.

    चञ्चलं हि मन: कृष्ण प्रमाथि बलवद्दृढम् |
    तस्याहं निग्रहं मन्ये वायोरिव सुदुष्करम् || 34||

    chañchalaṁ hi manaḥ kṛiṣhṇa pramāthi balavad dṛiḍham
    tasyāhaṁ nigrahaṁ manye vāyor iva su-duṣhkaram

    The mind is very restless, turbulent, strong and obstinate, O Krishna. It appears to me that it is more difficult to control than the wind. – Says Arjuna

    असंशयं महाबाहो मनो दुर्निग्रहं चलम् |
    अभ्यासेन तु कौन्तेय वैराग्येण च गृह्यते || 35||

    asanśhayaṁ mahā-bāho mano durnigrahaṁ chalam
    abhyāsena tu kaunteya vairāgyeṇa cha gṛihyate

    Lord Krishna said: O mighty-armed son of Kunti, what you say is correct; the mind is indeed very difficult to restrain. But by practice and detachment, it can be controlled.

    असंयतात्मना योगो दुष्प्राप इति मे मति: |
    वश्यात्मना तु यतता शक्योऽवाप्तुमुपायत: || 36||

    asaṅyatātmanā yogo duṣhprāpa iti me matiḥ
    vaśhyātmanā tu yatatā śhakyo ’vāptum upāyataḥ

    Yoga is difficult to attain for one whose mind is unbridled. However, those who have learnt to control the mind, and who strive earnestly by the proper means, can attain perfection in Yoga. This is my opinion.

    पूर्वाभ्यासेन तेनैव ह्रियते ह्यवशोऽपि स: |
    जिज्ञासुरपि योगस्य शब्दब्रह्मातिवर्तते || 44||

    pūrvābhyāsena tenaiva hriyate hyavaśho ’pi saḥ
    jijñāsur api yogasya śhabda-brahmātivartate

    Indeed, they feel drawn toward God, even against their will, on the strength of their past discipline. Such seekers naturally rise above the ritualistic principles of the scriptures.

    प्रयत्नाद्यतमानस्तु योगी संशुद्धकिल्बिष: |
    अनेकजन्मसंसिद्धस्ततो याति परां गतिम् || 45||

    prayatnād yatamānas tu yogī sanśhuddha-kilbiṣhaḥ
    aneka-janma-sansiddhas tato yāti parāṁ gatim

    With the accumulated merits of many past births, when these yogis engage in sincere endeavor in making further progress, they become purified from material desires and attain perfection in this life itself.

    योगिनामपि सर्वेषां मद्गतेनान्तरात्मना |
    श्रद्धावान्भजते यो मां स मे युक्ततमो मत: || 47||

    yoginām api sarveṣhāṁ mad-gatenāntar-ātmanā
    śhraddhāvān bhajate yo māṁ sa me yuktatamo mataḥ

    Of all yogis, those whose minds are always absorbed in me, and who engage in devotion to me with great faith, them I consider to be the highest of all.


    Hare Krishna!

    Last Updated on March 10, 2022