Hindu Gods and Goddesses

There are many Hindu gods and goddesses for various different purposes and with different attributes. Hindus are popularly known for worshipping and following many Gods and Goddesses. The Hindu population of the world worship and follow almost all Hindu gods and goddesses, many worship single god while accepting others.

Vedic Gods

Vedic Deities like Indra, Varun, Agni, Vayu, Surya, etc are major Vedic Gods according to Rig Veda, but they have different roles and positions in Puranas. The roles of Hindu God and Goddesses are recorded in the form of writings in various Hindu Scriptures.

In Brhadaranyaka Upanishad while discussing Brahman, Yajnavalkya is asked how many gods are there. The number 33 comes from the number of Vedic gods explained by Yajnavalkya in Brhadaranyaka Upanishad – the eight Vasus, the eleven Rudras, the twelve AdityasIndra and Prajapati. (Chapter I, hymn 9, verse 2)

Thus, There are 33 types of Gods!

Puranic Gods and Goddesses

Though Vedic gods are still worshipped and given a special position, Puranic, now commonly known as Hindu gods and goddesses are more popular in this modern world. 33 Type of Gods in the Vedic Era is mistranslated after puranic to 330 Million. However, there are many Gods and Goddess mentioned in various Puranas as well. The supreme Gods has infinite Swarupa, most of the Gods followed by Hindus these days are just the different aspects of the Supreme God or Parameshvara – Brahman.

The most powerful Gods are Hindu Trinity, Brahma-Vishnu-Maheshwara, which stands for Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer.

Brahma Vishnu Mahesh - Hindu Trinity
Hindu Trinity – Brahma Vishnu and Maheswar. Art by Lama Thanka Painting School

The most powerful Goddesses are the consorts of Hindu Trimurtis, Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Lakshmi, and Goddess Parvati or Shakti. – Also Known as Tridevi


Most Important Hindu Gods and Goddesses

Though Lord Brahma is considered one of the Trimurti and powerful God, he is not mentioned in this list. This list is based on the popularity of the Gods in this modern era.

  1. Ganesha – Son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
  2. Shiva – Father of Lord Murugan (Kartikeya), Destroyer god in Hindu Trinity, Most powerful Pauranic God and Yogi
  3. Krishna – Purna Avatar of Lord Vishnu and the Most popular Hindu god.
  4. Vishnu – Preserver god in Hindu Trinity, Husband of Goddess Lakshmi and Rides Garuda as his vehicle.
  5. Durga – Mother Goddess, also known as Adi Shakti and Parvati.
  6. Rama – 7th Avatar of Lord Vishnu and Hero of the Great epic, Ramayana.
  7. Hanuman – The Monkey God in Hinduism. An avatar of Lord Shiva and powerful devotee of Lord Rama.
  8. Lakshmi – Goddess of prosperity, good fortune, happiness in Hinduism, Goddess Lakshmi is one of the Trinity Goddess and an aspect of Adi Shakti.
  9. Saraswati – Goddess of Knowledge and Wisdom, Devi Saraswati is a consort of Lord Brahma.
  10. Kartikeya (Murugan) – Six-faced son of Lord Shiva.

However, in Hindu Dharma, every god and goddess poses a unique attribute. For example, Lord Ganesha is worshipped for his intelligence while Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped for wealth, luck and happiness. In puranic stories, we can find many descriptions, importance, and roles of various gods and goddesses. For example,

Role of Indra is to Rule the Deva Loka – Heaven,

Powerful Hindu Gods and Goddesses

Hinduism is a very complex form of culture and religion to completely understand. There are many different philosophies with different views and understandings of God. Hindu dharma is also further divided into more four sects, Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism & Smartism. Vishnu is considered supreme in Vaishnavism while Shaivism considers Shiva as an ultimate. Similarly, Goddess Shakti is the supreme Brahman for Shaktism.

Indra, Varun, Agni, Vayu, Surya are considered powerful gods in the Vedas. If you look at the Puranas, Vishnu Purana places Lord Vishnu in the supreme place whereas Shiva Purana puts Lord Shiva in the Supreme place. However, considering all those names that appear more on various Puranas as powerful Gods and Goddesses, here is the list of powerful gods and goddesses.

  • Goddess Shakti or Durga
  • Lord Vishnu
  • Lord Shiva
  • Lord Krishna
  • Goddess Saraswati
  • Goddess Lakshmi
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Kartikeya
  • Lord Rama
  • Lord Hanuman