Lord Ganesha is the Son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Since he is born out of their union, he personifies life, duality, and manifestation in diverse aspects. Ganesha is highly charming and mesmerizing. He is the remover of problems and obstacles. Lord Ganesha is worshiped by both Jainism and Buddhism.

    The head of Lord Ganesha symbolizes the Atman or the soul, considered the ultimate reality of humanity, and his human body symbolizes Maya, the trappings of earthly existence. Below are some of the interesting facts about Lord Ganesha.

    Lord Ganesha Wrote the Mahabharata

    It is believed that Rishi Vyasa requested Lord Ganesha to write the Mahabharata as he recited it. He decided to do it after Vyasa agreed to recite it without any interruptions, and Vyasa, in turn, made him promise he would understand what was being said before he wrote it down.

    Rishi Vyasa and Lord Ganesha

    Meaning of Ganapati

    ‘Gana’ means category. Everything we perceive through our senses or grasp through our mind can be expressed in terms of category. Ganapati, the Lord of categories, is the principle from which all such categories have manifested themselves. In effect, it means the origin of the whole creation, God Himself;

    Lord Ganesh

    Meaning of Gajanana or Gajamukha

    A common Sanskrit word to denote elephant is ‘Gaja.’Hence the name Gajanana or Gajamukha (elephant-faced) for Ganapati. But the word ‘Gaja’ has a deeper connotation. ‘Ga’ indicates ‘Gati,’ the final goal towards which the entire creation moves. ‘Ja’ stands for ‘Janma’ or birth or origin. Hence ‘Gaja’ signifies God from whom the worlds have come out and towards whom they are progressing, ultimately dissolved in Him. The elephant head is thus purely symbolic and points to this truth;

    Lord Ganesha Statue

    A factor we observe in creation is its two-fold manifestation as the microcosm (Suksmanda) and macrocosm (Brahmanda). Each is a replica of the other. They are one in two and two in one. The elephant head stands for the macrocosm, and the human body for the microcosm. The two form one unit. Since the macrocosm is the goal of the microcosm, the elephant part has been given greater prominence by making it the head.

    Elephant-Human form of Ganapati

    Lord Ganesha Statue

    The elephant-human form of Ganapati is the iconographical representation of the great Vedantic dictum, ‘tat-tvam-asi'(which means You, the limited individual, are the Cosmic Truth, the Absolute). The elephant stands for the cosmic, whereas the human stands for the individual.

    Lord Ganesha in Buddhism

    Lord Ganesha’s popularity isn’t restricted to Hindus alone — he appears as the Buddhist god Vinayaka in Mahayana Buddhism, too — and is often seen dancing. He has distinct regional characteristics in Tibet, China, and Japan. The earliest stone statue of the Elephant God in North China dates back to as early as AD 531.

    Hindu God Ganesha

    Indonesia prints Lord Ganesha on its 20,000 Rupiah note. Indonesia has strong cultural ties with India and Hinduism. Hinduism is practiced by 1.7% of the total population and by 83.5% of the population in Bali as of the 2010 census. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia. In 2010, there was an estimated total of over 4 million Hindus in Indonesia.

    Wives of Lord Ganesha

    According to the scriptures, Lord Ganesh had two wives, Ridhhi (representing Prosperity) and Sidhhi (representing Intellectual Enlightenment). Furthermore, he had two sons – Ridhhi bore him Subha (representing Auspiciousness), while Sidhhi bore him Labha (representing Profit).

    Birth of Lord Ganesha

    According to Shiva Purana, it was Parvati’s friends Jaya and Vijaya’s decision to make Lord Ganesha. They had suggested to Parvati that Nandi and others only follow Lord Shiva’s instructions. Therefore, there should be someone who follows Parvati’s orders too. Hence, Parvati made Ganesha from the dirt of her body.

    108 Names of Lord Ganesha

    1. Akhurath = One who has Mouse as His Charioteer
    2. Alampata = Ever Eternal Lord
    3. Amit = Incomparable Lord
    4. Anantachidrupamayam = Infinite and Consciousness Personified
    5. Avaneesh = Lord of the whole World
    6. Avighna = Remover of Obstacles
    7. Balaganapati = Beloved and Lovable Child
    8. Bhalchandra = Moon-Crested Lord
    9. Bheema = Huge and Gigantic
    10. Bhupati = Lord of the Gods
    11. Bhuvanpati = God of the Gods
    12. Buddhinath = God of Wisdom
    13. Buddhipriya = Knowledge
    14. Buddhividhata = God of Knowledge
    15. Chaturbhuj = One who has Four Arms
    16. Devadeva = Lord of All Lords
    17. Devantakanashakarin = Destroyer of Evils and Asuras
    18. Devavrata = One who accepts all Penances
    19. Devendrashika = Protector of All Gods
    20. Dharmik = One who gives Charity
    21. Dhoomravarna = Smoke-Hued Lord
    22. Durja = Invincible Lord
    23. Dvaimatura = One who has two mothers
    24. Ekaakshara = He of the Single Syllable
    25. Ekadanta = Single-Tusked Lord
    26. Ekadrishta = Single-Tusked Lord
    27. Eshanputra = Lord Shiva’s Son
    28. Gadadhara = One who has The Mace as His Weapon
    29. Gajakarna = One who has Eyes like an Elephant
    30. Gajanana = Elephant-Faced Lord
    31. Gajananeti = Elephant-Faced Lord
    32. Gajavakra = Trunk of The Elephant
    33. Gajavaktra = One who has Mouth like an Elephant
    34. Ganadhakshya = Lord of All Ganas (Gods)
    35. Ganadhyakshina = Leader of All The Celestial Bodies
    36. Ganapati = Lord of All Ganas (Gods)
    37. Gaurisuta = The Son of Gauri (Parvati)
    38. Gunina = One who is The Master of All Virtues
    39. Haridra = One who is Golden Coloured
    40. Heramba = Mother’s Beloved Son
    41. Kapila = Yellowish-Brown Coloured
    42. Kaveesha = Master of Poets
    43. Krti = Lord of Music
    44. Kripalu = Merciful Lord
    45. Krishapingaksha = Yellowish-Brown Eyed
    46. Kshamakaram = The Place of Forgiveness
    47. Kshipra = One who is easy to Appease
    48. Lambakarna = Large-Eared Lord
    49. Lambodara = The Huge-Bellied Lord
    50. Mahabala = Enormously Strong Lord
    51. Mahaganapati = Omnipotent and Supreme Lord
    52. Maheshwaram = Lord of The Universe
    53. Mangalamurti = All Auspicious Lord
    54. Manomay = Winner of Hearts
    55. Mrityuanjaya = Conqueror of Death
    56. Mundakarama = Abode of Happiness
    57. Muktidaya = Bestower of Eternal Bliss
    58. Musikvahana = One who has mouse as charioteer
    59. Nadapratithishta = One who Appreciates and Loves Music
    60. Namasthetu = Vanquisher of All Evils & Vices & Sins
    61. Nandana = Lord Shiva’s Son
    62. Nideeshwaram = Giver of Wealth and Treasures
    63. Omkara = One who has the Form Of OM
    64. Pitambara = One who has Yellow-Colored Body
    65. Pramoda = Lord of All Abodes
    66. Prathameshwara = First Among All
    67. Purush = The Omnipotent Personality
    68. Rakta = One who has a Red-Colored Body
    69. Rudrapriya = Beloved Of Lord Shiva
    70. Sarvadevatman = Acceptor of All Celestial Offerings
    71. Sarvasiddhanta = Bestower of Skills and Wisdom
    72. Sarvatman = Protector of The Universe
    73. Shambhavi = The Son of Parvati
    74. Shashivarnam = One who has a Moon like Complexion
    75. Shoorpakarna = Large-Eared Lord
    76. Shuban = All Auspicious Lord
    77. Shubhagunakanan = One who is The Master of All Virtues
    78. Shweta = One who is as Pure as the White Color
    79. Siddhidhata = Bestower of Success & Accomplishments
    80. Siddhipriya = Bestower of Wishes and Boons
    81. Siddhivinayaka = Bestower of Success
    82. Skandapurvaja = Elder Brother of Skand (Lord Kartik)
    83. Sumukha = Auspicious Face
    84. Sureshwaram = Lord of All Lords
    85. Swaroop = Lover of Beauty
    86. Tarun = Ageless
    87. Uddanda = Nemesis of Evils and Vices
    88. Umaputra = The Son of Goddess Uma (Parvati)
    89. Vakratunda = Curved Trunk Lord
    90. Varaganapati = Bestower of Boons
    91. Varaprada = Granter of Wishes and Boons
    92. Varadavinayaka = Bestower of Success
    93. Veeraganapati = Heroic Lord
    94. Vidyavaridhi = God of Wisdom
    95. Vighnahara = Remover of Obstacles
    96. Vignaharta = Demolisher of Obstacles
    97. Vighnaraja = Lord of All Hindrances
    98. Vighnarajendra = Lord of All Obstacles
    99. Vighnavinashanaya = Destroyer of All Obstacles & Impediments
    100. Vigneshwara = Lord of All Obstacles
    101. Vikat = Huge and Gigantic
    102. Vinayaka = Lord of All
    103. Vishwamukha = Master of The Universe
    104. Vishwaraja = King of The World
    105. Yagnakaya = Acceptor of All Sacred & Sacrificial Offerings
    106. Yashaskaram = Bestower of Fame and Fortune
    107. Yashvasin = Beloved and Ever Popular Lord
    108. Yogadhipa = The Lord of Meditation

    Last Updated on October 11, 2022