Queen Madalasa is known as one of the most ideal and learned women according to Markandeya Purana. Madalasa was an enlightened Queen who gave birth to four sons, Vikranta, Subahu, Shatrumardana, and Alarka.
While growing her four sons, Queen Madalasa used to sing a sweet lullaby whenever they cried. She introduced the knowledge of Truth or Atma Jnana to her sons in the form of a lullaby, which is known as Madalasa Upadesha.
The first three princes, Vikranta, Subahu, and Shatrumardana had no interest in the material world when they grew young. Each of them took sannyasa (renunciation) and wandered away to the forest to meditate.
Madalasa Upadesha is also known as Putra Upadesha Stotra or Putropadesha Stotra.
शुद्धोसि बुद्धोसि निरँजनोऽसि
सँसारस्वप्नँ त्यज मोहनिद्राँ
Suddhosi bubbhosi niranjanosi
samsara maya parivarjitosi
samsara svapnam tyaja moha nidra
Meaning: Madalasa says to her crying son: “You are pure, Enlightened, and spotless. Leave the illusion of the world and wake up from this deep slumber of delusion.”
शुद्धोऽसि रे तात न तेऽस्ति नाम
कृतँ हि तत्कल्पनयाधुनैव।
पच्चात्मकँ देहँ इदँ न तेऽस्ति
नैवास्य त्वँ रोदिषि कस्य हेतो॥
śuddho’si re tāta na te’sti nāma
kṛtaɱ hi tatkalpanayādhunaiva|
paccātmakaɱ dehaɱ idaɱ na te’sti
naivāsya tvaɱ rodiṣi kasya heto||
Meaning: My Child, you are Ever Pure! You do not have a name. A name is only an imaginary superimposition of you. This body made of five elements is not you nor do you belong to it. This being so, what can be a reason for your crying?
न वै भवान् रोदिति विक्ष्वजन्मा
शब्दोयमायाध्य महीश सूनूम्।
गुणाश्च भौताः सकलेन्दियेषु॥
na vai bhavan roditi vikshvajanma
shabdoyamayadhya mahisha sunum|
gunascha bhautah sakalendiyeshu||
Meaning: The essence of the universe does not cry in reality. All is a Maya of words, oh Prince! Please understand this. The various qualities you seem to have are just your imagination, they belong to the elements that make the senses (and have nothing to do with you).
भूतनि भूतैः परिदुर्बलानि
वृद्धिँ समायाति यथेह पुँसः।
न तेस्ति वृद्धिर् न च तेस्ति हानिः॥
bhutani bhutaih paridurbalani
vriddhim samayati yatheha pumsah|
na testi vriddhir na cha testi hanih||
Meaning: The Elements [that make this body] grow with the accumulation of more elements or reduce in size if some elements are taken away. This is what is seen in a body’s growing in size or becoming lean depending upon the consumption of food, water, etc. You do not have growth or decay.
त्वम् कँचुके शीर्यमाणे निजोस्मिन्
तस्मिन् देहे मूढताँ मा व्रजेथाः।
मृदादिभिः कँचुकस्ते पिनद्धः॥
tvam kamchuke shiryamane nijosmin
tasmin dehe mudhatam ma vrajethah|
mridadibhih kamchukaste pinaddhah||
Meaning: You are in the body which is like a jacket that gets worn out day by day. Do not have the wrong notion that you are the body. This body is like a jacket that you are tied to, for the fructification of the good and bad karmas.
तातेति किँचित् तनयेति किँचित्
अँबेति किँचिद्धयितेति किँचित्।
ममेति किँचित् न ममेति किँचित्
त्वम् भूतसँघँ बहु म नयेथाः॥
tateti kimchit tanayeti kimchit
ambeti kimchiddhayiteti kimchit|
mameti kimchit na mameti kimchit
tvam bhutasamgham bahu ma nayethah||
Meaning: Some may refer to you are Father and some others may refer to you as a Son or some may refer to you as a mother and someone else may refer to you as a wife. some say “You are mine” and some others say “You are not mine” These are all references to this “Combination of Physical Elements”, Do not identify with them.
सुखानि दुःखोपशमाय भोगान्
सुखाय जानाति विमूढचेताः।
तान्येव दुःखानि पुनः सुखानि
sukhani duhkhopashamaya bhogan
sukhaya janati vimudhachetah|
tanyeva duhkhani punah sukhani
Meaning: The deluded look at objects of enjoyment as giving happiness by removing the unhappiness. The wise clearly see that the same object which gives happiness now will become a source of unhappiness.
यानँ चित्तौ तत्र गतश्च देहो
देहोपि चान्यः पुरुषो निविष्ठः।
ममत्वमुरोया न यथ तथास्मिन्
देहेति मात्रँ बत मूढरौष।
yanam chittau tatra gatascha deho
dehopi chanyah purusho nivishthah|
mamatvamuroya na yatha tathasmin
deheti matram bata mudharausha|
Meaning: The vehicle that moves on the ground is different from the person in it similarly this body is also different from the person who is inside! The owner of the body is different from the body! Ah, how foolish it is to think I am the body!