Guru Brihaspati – the lord of prayers or devotion or sacred speech, is a Vedic sage and often mentioned as the teacher and advisor to all the gods. In Vedic Astrology or Jyotisha, the word “Brihaspati” refers to the largest planet of the solar system, Jupiter. In Hindu scriptures, rishi Brihaspati is represented as the master of great wisdom, tactics, rituals, spells, and chants. Thus, Deva Guru Brihaspati is the commander in chief (Ganapati) of all Navagrahas (the nine planets).
The word “Brihaspati” has derived from the Sanskrit word “Spati of the Briha”. It means the soul or the spirit of the vastness of the universe. As a guru, Sage Brihaspati teaches all the gods about the morals of righteousness, religion, and responsibility.
Many Vedic texts and scriptures described Brihaspati’s nature as wise, kind, merciful, cheerful, dutiful, and generous. Among the nine planets of the Hindu Shastra, Brihaspati is the most beneficent and tender planet. So, people often regarded him as the social person who blesses families with happiness, wisdom, and prosperity. As for the appearance, he has a golden or yellow skin tone body holding a stick, soma, lotus, and bead.
Birth of Brihaspati
The birth story of the rishi Brihaspati is fascinating. He was one of the three sons of Rishi Angiras – one of the manasputras of Lord Brahma. During pregnancy, his mother Shradha was faithless to rishi Angira resulting in a stillbirth. So, she apologized and prayed to rishi Angira. After forgiving her sins, he planted his own life to the baby, who later became the wisest and intellectual sage, Brihaspati.
Another story based on the Rigveda (the oldest Vedic Sanskrit texts) says that lord Brihaspati was born from the vast cosmos’ first light.
Maharishi Brihaspati has two consorts – Shubh and Tara. From Devi Shubh, he had seven daughters: Bhaanumatee, Havishmatee, Mahishmatee, Mahaamatee, Archishmatee, Sineevaalee, and Raakaa. Likewise, from his second consort Devi Tara, he had seven sons and a daughter. He has two sons from his brother’s wife, Mamata, Kacha, and Bharadwaja. King Dushyant adopted Saptarishi Bharadwaja after being abandoned by his parents.
Brihaspati in Jyotisha (Hindu Astrology)
In Hindu Astrology or Vedic Astrology, Dev Guru Brihaspati is among the navagrahas (nine planets). Out of all navagrahas, Brihaspati is the most beneficent and benevolent. Guru in Jyotish Shastra refers to elemental space or sky or akasha tattva. He rules over zodiac signs like Dhanu (Sagittarius), Meena (Pisces) and resides high in Karka (Cancer) and falls in Makar (Capricorn). Apart from that, he is affable to the Sun (Surya), Moon (Chandra), and Mars (Mangal).
Guru Brihaspati is often associated with wisdom, prosperity, good health, luck, positivity, religion, popularity, peace, and happiness.
Dev Guru Brihaspati Mantra
Devanam ca rishinam gurun Kanchana-sannibham buddhi-bhutam Trilokesham tam namami brihaspatim
In English, it means; – I kneel to Brihaspati, lord of Jupiter, who is the preceptor of all gods and rishis. He has a golden skin tone and the lord of intelligence who controls all three worlds.
Brihaspati Gayatri Mantra
Om suraachaarya vidmahe, surashreshtaya dhimahi, tanno guruh prachodayat
Meaning in English – I pray to the teacher of all gods and meditate upon the highly respected one among the deities, let the teacher enlighten my intellect and guide me towards self-fulfillment.
Brihaspati Beej Mantra
“Om graam greem graum sah brihaspataye namah”, “Om brim brihaspataye namah”, “Om graam greem graum sah guru ve namah”
Brihaspati Mantra Benefits
Following are the merits of chanting Brihaspati Mantras:
- Reciting Brihaspati hymns offers direct blessings from Lord Brihaspati himself.
- Individuals’ lives will be filled with great wisdom and knowledge.
- It makes people more patient, calm, and creative.
- It protects people from the adverse effects of other planetary gods.
- The arrival of happiness and prosperity in the house.
- All confusions and problems get clear.
- Success comes in people’s lives.
Best Time To Chant Brihaspati Mantra
Brahma Muhurta, an early morning interval around 4 am-6 am the perfect time for reciting mantras and puja. It requires 19,000 hymns recitation to please Lord Brihaspati. One can use beads made of Tulsi, Sandalwood, or Rudraksya for counting.
While performing the Brihaspati puja, always wear a yellow dress as the yellow color represents Lord Jupiter himself. Thursday is the day dedicated to Brihaspati. So, donating materials like gram, jaggery, laddu, yellow clothes, books, and turmeric to poor people on this day offers special blessings from Lord Brihaspati.
Contribution and Teachings of Brihaspati
Based on Siddha Dharma, Guru Brihaspati is the lord of every form of knowledge and wisdom. Thus, he is the author of many Vedic Sanskrit texts such as Nitishastra, Dharmashastra, Vastushastra, and Brihaspati Smriti.
In Siddha Dharma, Guru Brihaspati is the creator of two knowledge systems, the Nastika school of thoughts and the Astika school of thoughts. Nastika’s school of thoughts is also called Laukika or Vigyana. It is similar to today’s experimental modern science and was founded by Loukya Brihaspati. Laukika’s principle believes the matter is the ultimate reality or materiality. Concepts beyond the senses are rejected as they do not believe in soul existence.
So, to spread the theory of Nastika, Lord Brihaspati produce twelve forms of himself, which were:
- Loukya Brihaspati,
- Angiras Brihaspati,
- Dev Guru Brihaspati,
- Arthagya Brihaspati,
- Kamagya Brihaspati,
- Avedik Brihaspati,
- Satark Brihaspati,
- Prapanchashil Brihaspati,
- Duruha Brihaspati,
- Rajadrohi Brihaspati,
- Adrista Brihaspati
- Amokshi Brihaspati.
On the contrary, the Astika school of thought or Paravigyana or Alaukika relates to today’s metaphysics. Dev Guru Brihaspati passed this knowledge to gods and other great rishis. As it describes things that exist beyond any human senses can detect. Unlike its counterpart, Aluakika knowledge is tough to obtain as it requires years and years of penance.
Some of the primary aspects of the Astika school of thoughts are:
- They are the believers of the almighty.
- They support the existence of the soul.
- They believe the soul is immortal; only the body dies.
- They are great supporters of reincarnation concepts.