Shiva Yajur Mantra, also famous as Karpur Gauram Karunavtaaram is one of the most famous mantras that any Hindu must have heard. It is an ancient Sanskrit Shloka related to Lord Shiva and a popular aarti in Shaivism. The mantra is found in Yajurveda, one of the four canonical texts of Hindu Dharma, the Vedas.
Lord Shiva, one of Trinity Gods also known as Shankar, Rudra, Bholenath, Nilkantha, and Mahadeva is the most popular Hindu deity. He is also known as the Destroyer or the Transformer according to Hindu methodologies & Puranas. The word Shiva signifies the auspicious. Lord Shiva roots out sin and terror and is the bestower of earthly happiness, promoter of good and auspiciousness. Shiva is also called Sankara which means doer of good. Shiva takes one beyond the three bodies (Tripura), gross, subtle and causal that envelope the Jiva or the embodied soul. He is hence the Hara or the remover of all evil and the idol of renunciation.
Shiva Yajur Mantra (Karpur Gauram Karunavtaram) is a powerful mantra usually chanted during the time of arati. It is one of the most popular Hindu mantras related to Lord Shiva.
संसारसारम् भुजगेन्द्रहारम् ।
भवं भवानीसहितं नमामि ॥
sansārsāram bhujagendrahāram |
bhavaṁ bhavānīsahitaṁ namāmi ||
Of all the mantras dedicated to Lord Shiva, Karpur Gauram Karunavtaaram is considered as pure as a white lotus. It is said devotee chanting this mantra feels spiritual ecstasy as this mantra glorifies Shiva in the highest order. Let us understand what it means.
- karpūragauraṁ – The one who is as pure/white as camphor (Karpur).
- karuṇāvatāraṁ – The personification of compassion.
- sansārsāram – The one who is the essence of the world.
- bhujagendrahāram – The one with the serpent king as his garland.
- sadāvasantaṁ hṛdayāravinde – Always residing in the lotus-like heart. Where, Hridaya aravinde means, ‘in the heart, that is (as pure as) lotus’. Lotus, though born in the muddy waters, is untouched by the mud around it. Similarly, Lord Shiva always (Sada) resides (Vasantham) in the hearts of beings which are not affected by worldly matters.
- bhavaṁ – To the Lord
- bhavānīsahitaṁ namāmi – Accompanied by the Goddess Bhavani (A form of Parvati, Shiva’s consort), I bow