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    The spiritual son of Lord Vayu, pavan Putra Hanuman, is revered by Hindus worldwide. Born from a pair of Kesari and Anjana, he is one of the Vanaras, an old community of forest dwellers. The Vanara army helped Lord Rama fight Lankapati Ravana, who had kidnapped Goddess Sita.

    Known for his incomparable devotion to Lord Rama, Hanuman is the god of monkeys and all the creatures on the earth, born of the blessing given to the Anjana in exchange for her repentance.

    In Hindu Scriptures, Hanuman is considered an aspect of the god Shiva. He is the faithful companion of the Shri Rama (one of the ten avatars of Vishnu) and one of the most important deities of the Hindu pantheon.

    He possesses almost limitless power and strength. His name means “the one with a disfigured jaw.” Hanuman is particularly distinguished for his great physical strength and virtuous character. He is also considered a scholar who has mastered the Vedanga (the six supporting disciplines of Hinduism), the four Vedas, and the six shastras.

    Lord Hanuman is one of the astha Chiranjeevi, possessing Astha Siddhis. He does not boast about how much he knows; he is the very expression of humility.

    Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama

    Today we have presented some facts about Lord Hanuman.

    1. Hanuman as Monkey

    Anjana was a beautiful apsara or celestial nymph of the kingdom of Lord Indra, the king of the gods. One day she was wandering the earth when she saw a wise monkey meditating deep in the forest. Anjana could not resist the glance of the solemn wise monkey and laugh. She even mocked the monkey, and when he ignored her, she threw stones at him.

    With this in mind, the wise monkey lost patience, and when he opened his eyes, he cursed his deep anger at Anjana. She will take the form of a monkey and will only get relief when she has given birth to the incarnation of Lord Shiva.

    Anjana met and married Kesari, the monkey king. Meanwhile, she never forgot the curse and continued to pray to Lord Shiva for fruitful results.

    On one occasion, while Agni, the god of fire, was given a plate of sacred sweets to Dasharath, king of Ayodhya, to distribute among his wives to have divine children, an eagle approached and stole one of the sweets and dropped it into Anjana’s hands while she meditated.

    She ate the divine dessert and gave birth to Hanuman. Thus, Shiva incarnated adopting the form of a monkey.

    His birth freed his mother from the spell, and she decided to return to paradise. Before her departure, she revealed to little Hanuman that he would be immortal and that his nourishment would be ripe, bright fruits like the sun.

    2. Hanuman had five brothers

    Hanumanji also had five real brothers. In various Puranas, there is a mention of six sons of Monkey King (Vanar Raj) Kesari, and in this, Hanuman was the eldest. His other five brothers were married. The five brothers of Hanuman were Matiman, Shrutiman, Ketuman, Gatimaan, and Dhritiman. That’s why the lineage of his brothers still goes on.

    3. Hanuman and Vermilion (Sindoor)

    According to legend, Sita was applying sindoor, and Hanuman asked her why she was wearing it. In response, she told him that by doing this, she would ensure a long life for her husband, Lord Rama. Hanuman then anointed his entire body with sindoor to ensure Rama’s immortality. Lord Rama was truly impressed by this and bestowed a blessing that those who worshiped Lord Hanuman with sindoor would see all their difficulties disappear. Because vermilion is also called Bajrang, he came to be called Bajrangbali, and he is offered vermilion (sindoor).

    4. Hanuman and His Son

    Although he was a brahmachari (one who never marries), Lord Hanuman had a son: Makardhwaja.

    Hanuman’s son Makardhwaja was born to a powerful fish of the same name when Hanuman, after burning the entire Lanka with his tail, plunged into the sea to cool his body. It is said that the fish swallowed his sweat, and thus Makardhwaja was conceived.

    5. Lord Ram had given death sentence to Hanuman

    According to a legend, at the request of Narada Muni, Hanuman welcomed all the saints except Vishwamitra. Seeing this, furious Vishwamitra asked Lord Rama to give a death sentence to Hanuman.

    Vishwamitra was the Teacher (guru) of Lord Rama, so he could not disregard the command of Vishwamitra. Therefore, he showered Hanuman with arrows. Hanuman chanted the name of Lord Ram; all the arrows returned without inflicting any harm to Hanuman. Lord Ram then fired Brahmastra, but it also returned circumambulating the meditative Hanuman. After this, Vishwamitra also bowed before the Lord.

    6. Hanuman scripted Ramayan first

    After the conquest of Lanka and the coronation of Lord Rama, Hanuman went to the Himalayan Mountains and carved the story of Rama on the walls of the Himalayas with his fingernails.

    When Maharishi Valmiki went to Hanuman to show him the Ramayana composed by him, he was saddened to see the Ramayana carved on the walls. Hanuman’s Ramayan was far superior to that of his. Hanuman quickly understood the dilemma of Valmiki, and so he erased his Ramayana.

    7. Hanuman and the Pandavas

    The venerable monkey god is also found in the epic poem Mahabharata. The same story of how Hanuman met the brave Bhim, one of the Pandava brothers, is wonderful. Hanuman immediately recognized Bhima as his brother in spirit since both of them were born from the blessing of Pavan, the god of wind, and promised him help in the Battle of Kurukshetra.

    In the battle, Hanuman sat beside the flag on Arjuna’s chariot to secure it and stabilize the movement of the chariot. Hanuman’s triangular saffron flag symbolized stability and balance, calmness of feelings and reason, and served as a sign of victory over evil forces.

    8. Hanuman heard Bhagavad Gita first

    Since Hanumanji was present on Arjuna’s chariot in the form of a flag, so it is believed that he first heard the Bhagavad Gita from the mouth of Shri Krishna. Only after this, Arjuna, Sanjay, and Barbarik hear Gita.

    9. The one with five faces/Panchmukhi Hanuman

    Lord Hanuman has five faces; hence he is also called Panchmukhi. He took this form to kill a demon of Hades.

    10. Inventor of Surya Namaskar

    Lord Hanuman was a great yogi. He was the one who discovered Surya Namaskar. In this way, he used to bow down to his Guru (Sun God).

    11. Singer Hanuman

    Lord Hanuman is described as the lead singer in Narada Purana. Narada Muni had given him the boon of singing.

    12. Immortal Hanuman

    According to the Vedas and Puranas, Lord Hanuman is immortal. Hanuman will remain on this earth till the end of Kali Yuga.

    Conclusion

    Hanuman’s character teaches us that unlimited possibilities are hidden in each of us. Hanuman directed all his energy to help the god Rama, and it was his outstanding devotion freed him from all physical disabilities.

    Hanuman gives an example of the expression “Dasya Bhakti” – service through humility, one of the nine services that bind servant and master. His greatness lies in the complete absorption of the deity, which also forms the basis of his benevolent qualities.

    (Last Updated On: December 23, 2021)

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