Hindus believe in putting a different face on a form of God. In Hindu Dharma, Various forms of God are given a particular day for reverence. Also, a follower or a devotee can appease to certain dosh in his stars through diligent puja and devotion to God on particular days.
Let’s start from Sunday or Ravivar, as Sunday is considered the first day in Hindu Calendar.
Ravivar, or Sunday, is dedicated to Lord Surya or Suryanarayana. Upvaas or fasting on the day is dedicated to the Sun God. Various Surya Mantras are chanted on this day. Red is the color of the day. Those people who undertake fast on the day only eat food once that too before sunset. Salt, oily and fried food items are avoided.
Red color flowers are offered while praying. Red color sandalwood paste is applied as tilak on the forehead. Extra care is given on the cleanliness of the body and surroundings. It is believed that Ravivar Vrat will help in fulfilling desires. People with skin diseases observe the Vrat to get relief. Many devotees also give alms on the day.
Monday is dedicated to Lord Shiva or Mahadeva. People visit Lord Shiva shrines and conduct pujas, especially, Ardhanarishwara puja. The mantra ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ is chanted continuously. Shiva devotees also read Shiva Purana.
Monday is also dedicated to Chandra Deva, Moon. Unmarried women observe the Vrat to get good husbands and married life. Others observe it for a happy and prosperous family life. Upvass, or fasting, on Mondays, begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. On the day, food is only eaten after evening prayer. Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshipped on the day. The fasting on Mondays in the Shravan month is considered even more auspicious.
Any Upvaas or Vrat is directly or indirectly connected with some sort of material comfort. This is a sweet lure used by ancient saints to attract a devotee to the concept of Brahman. The concept of Brahman in Sanatana Dharma is not easily digestible to many people. And they are least bothered about Brahman concept all they need is material comfort. For this many devotees are ready to go to any extent. They are ready to observe any harsh vow. Ancient wise men used this tendency among the common people to spread the awareness of Brahman. During each upvas, there are occasional flashes when a person thinks beyond material comforts. This is a realization of Brahman. Gradually many devotees begin to think beyond material comforts
When Amavasi, or no moon day, falls on Monday it is considered highly auspicious and the day is known as Somavati Amavas. Mondays in Shravan month (July – August) in North India, Gujarat and Maharashtra is considered highly auspicious. Special pujas are offered to
Lord Shiva on Mondays in temples and homes. Mondays are auspicious in Kartik month (October – November) in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Mondays in Karthigai Masam (November – December) is also auspicious in Tamil Nadu.
Tuesday is dedicated to Mangal or Mars, Lord Ganesha, Durga, Goddess Kali, and Lord Hanuman. Most devotees visit Devi and Hanuman shrines. Those people who fast avoid taking food containing salt at night.
Upvaas (fasting) on the day is dedicated to Hanuman and Mangal or Mars. Mangalwar, Tuesday, takes its name from the god Mangal or Mars who rules the day and is considered to be a trouble maker, and the fast is to ward off the harmful effects. Red is the preferred color on the day.
It must be noted here that the Hanuman might not be worshipped on Tuesday in all regions. Some communities might be worshipping some other deity. For example, in South India, the day is dedicated to Skanda or Muruga or Kartikeya (Kartik). But generally, Tuesday is dedicated to Hanuman.
Wednesday is dedicated to planet Mercury, Budha Graha, and Lord Vithal, an incarnation of Lord Krishna. In some regions, Lord Vishnu is worshiped. The day is highly auspicious for starting new ventures and it is believed that those who observe the Vrat are bound to get blessed with fortunes. People also give alms on the day.
Those people who believe in Astrology propitiate Mercury as He is compassionate and generous and helps in worldly pursuits and blesses with wisdom. Budha is believed to have a sharp intellect and is proficient in all sciences. He is worshipped for good intelligence, education, success in business and commerce.
Thursday, which is Brihaspatiwar or Vrihaspativar, is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Brihaspati, the Guru of Devas. Thursday is also popularly known as Gurubar or Guruvar. In some areas, people make it a point to visit Hanuman Temple on Thursdays.
Pujas are conducted using milk, ghee, etc. Food is only eaten once and that too containing milk products. People read Srimad Bhagavad Purana on the day.
Friday is dedicated to Shukra (Venus), Mother Goddesses – Mahalakshmi, Annapuraneshwari, and Durga. Sweets are distributed on the day. Those devotees observing the Vrat make it a point to eat at night.
Another deity that is propitiated on the day is Shukra, who is known to provide joy and material wealth. The period of Shukra in one’s astrological chart is considered to be the most productive and luckily period.
Worship of Shakti – Durga, Kali and other forms – on Friday is considered highly auspicious. Shakti temples in India and Nepal attract a large number of devotees on this day. Devotees wear a white-colored dress on this day. The fasting on Shukravar begins at sunrise and ends with sunset.
Saturday is dedicated to alleviating the bad influence of Lord Shani. The Vrat on this day is mainly observed by those people who believe in Hindu astrology. Black is the color of the day and people visit the Shani shrine or Navagraha shrines. Food is only consumed once on the day.
Shani is dreaded by Hindus, especially by those who believe in astrology. Many people observe an Upvaas or fast to avoid the adversities and misfortunes on Shanivar or Saturday. It is believed that those who have the blessing of Lord Hanuman are protected from the wrath of Shani. Therefore many people make it a point to worship Hanuman at home or in temples. Black is the preferred color on Saturday.